How To Speak by Patrick Winston

रोजी प्रकाशित केले 20 डिसेंबर, 2019
MIT How to Speak, IAP 2018
Instructor: Patrick Winston
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Patrick Winston's How to Speak talk has been an MIT tradition for over 40 years. Offered every January, the talk is intended to improve your speaking ability in critical situations by teaching you a few heuristic rules.
00:16 - Introduction
03:11 - Rules of Engagement
04:15 - How to Start
05:38 - Four Sample Heuristics
10:17 - The Tools: Time and Place
13:24 - The Tools: Boards, Props, and Slides
36:30 - Informing: Promise, Inspiration, How To Think
41:30 - Persuading: Oral Exams, Job Talks, Getting Famous
53:06 - How to Stop: Final Slide, Final Words
56:35 - Final Words: Joke, Thank You, Examples
License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA
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  • For more on the life and work of Professor Winston (1943-2019), visit

    • @Andrew_koala I have a serious question for you, do you offer mentorship?

    • @Ian Smith I

    • @Alvin Fuller yet they invested so much into it. Wait, maybe it's apart of it. Maybe 5g is Corona

    • @Pink Lady oh bs

    • Rip.. thank you for your great services to humanity.

  • Close your laptops. And if you didn't bring a pen and paper in addition to your laptop, it's your own fault for being born after 1980.

  • What a beautiful lecture! I just wish there was something like this for studying/learning. Sorry to hear he passed, I leave my respects.

  • He's one of those people who radiates such a chaotic energy. He makes a joke and people laugh but he's completely straightfaced like you don't know whether it's okay to laugh or not.

  • Listen to Terence Mckenna talks for examples of a truly talented communicator. I try and copy his pacing and diction, but cannot match match his quick mind!

  • #VerbalPunctuation

  • ❤️ Patrick and Mit. A bridge to Modern Contemporary,Post Modern Art life here in Oxfordshire England Thank you 💯%

  • Supplement this with “How To Listen To Boring Speakers” - and were in business

  • That guy in the front audience looks like Steve Jobs

  • 8:00

  • Bankrupt Americans with science degrees can watch mit. Who knew.

  • Successful College Students Communication The Quality of Speaking The Quality of Writing The Quality of Ideas Function: How much knowledge do you have? Rank 1 How much practice to master a skill? Rank 2 How much talent do you have? Rank 3 A. Before We Start Switch off your laptop and mobile phone Focus on the communication and Thinking B. The Quality of Speaking How to Start Not recommend for joke Listeners are ready for the communication Give Promise What we are going to learn (understand)? Samples Deep in Cycles Repeat the essentials Build a Fence Don't make them feel confuse Let listeners focus on your idea Verbal Punctuation Landmark on your essentials Provide Numbers or Graphs Ask a Question Time and Place Well Fit Populated D. Boards Graphic Quality Speed Property Easy to absorb knowledge Target Appearance Eye Contact Use hands to draw attentions Note Style Don't use laser pen G. Persuading, Job Talks, and Getting Famous Why some people failed in persuading Situation Research contents Time Place Feel Practices If problem doesn't make you cry, the practice doesn't have value. Job Talks 5 Minutes What are the visions Problem Approach Structures Symbolic Creation Describe your results Break in different steps Get Famous 1. Symbols 2. Slogan 3. Surprise 4. Salient 5. Story How to Stop Motivation Don't say thank you F. Informing Give Promise: solution to problem Inspiration Give audience passion You must love your work How to Think (in Education) Core: Storytelling Provide stories they need to know Discussions and Questions Analysis and Structuring Put everything together Evaluate the reliability of the stories and structures E. Props More chalk, Less PPT Slides Guide thinking Empathetic Design PPT Slides Design Clean Background Get Rid of Words Remove Logos Remove Title Describe your title and content 40-50 Font Size Reduce the number of ppt

  • Gets off to a bad start by saying that the gymnast wasn't as good as him at skiing because she only had the talent. But her talent was for gymnastics not skiing.

  • This is an amazing work. Hope he cryonically preserved ("cryo-suspended") himself, like Minsky did. I'd love to talk with him in the future.

  • That is one bigass blackboard

  • Could anyone from MIT say whether other courses are delivered with the same rule of engagement in their university, and what their views are on this? Lastly, if you are a student, regardless of your affiliation, can you find any sound arguments against this particular rule of engagement in the context of university lectures?

    • @MIT OpenCourseWare Thank you for your reply.

    • We can say that there are a few instructors that feel the same way. On a quick search, we have at least 3 other courses (that are not Patrick Winston courses) that have no laptops/cellphones rules listed in their syllabus.

  • Dont forget to end by saying "please clap"

  • I misread the title. I thought it read, "How to Squeak By Patrick Winston." Why do I need to squeak by this guy?

  • yo thanks i know how to talk words now

  • Amazing. So glad MRslow recommended this to me.

  • It would have been wonderful to have him update or comment on slide presentations in the Zoom era. Or perhaps there is no difference. This advice is pretty timeless.

  • Pro tip : don't start talk with a joke, always start with sex.

  • If you read this, doesn't matter where you are right now on this planet, I wish you a wonderful night and a happy peaceful life where all your dreams become true. 🙌❤

  • The immense ketchup unexplainably fax because claus neurochemically disapprove aboard a fragile minibus. guttural H habitual, scintillating restaurant

  • Thank Youuuu soooo enjoyaaaable

  • This is an awesome video!! Maybe a half a day in the sound editing lab, it would even be more awesomer-er!! I believe in the "empathetic mirroring" and someone should edit this, especially in respects to Sir Winston. This talk reassured me of the ways I communicate in the social world. face to face, that is. Its what I would do to honor him.

  • God - the guy is boring.

  • Why are 90% of MIT students from Asia or middle east?

  • I just created a new playlist to save this video, so that I can quickly find it. it's a first.

  • i thought this was aimed at new parents

  • what is he mumbling i cant understand a word he says

  • physics of speaking!!

  • I'm truly sick of being recommended this.

  • Thanks Prof. Patrick Very inspiring lecture.

  • boooooring

  • I found out that this video was released a couple of months after his death :( 75 is just too early

  • Thank you

  • This Prof used to be a gangstaa , when he went to give an example it was about robbing a bank

  • The title shouldn't be "How To Speak" but "How To Give Talks".

  • Thank You

  • awesome video... im not a very good student. i cant believe i sit through the video/lecture without clicking on something else or alt-tab to my video game. when i watched this video for the first time i felt like i was there in that lecture hall back in college again. and unlike most of my previous college professors, he kept me interested and i listened. the way and how he talked made it difficult not to want to listen (for me at least). most professors cant keep me interested more than a few mins. i watched this entire video twice and shared it lots of people (please do the same). /salute to u phw. learning = time very well spent

  • Teaches how to make good looking powerpoint slides, by not adding much text and reducing superficial things like titles or bulletpoints. Also showing an example of last slide, full of text, with a title & bulletpoints

  • Marvelous

  • I have been taught by an MIT professor on how to speak. Now I won't keep quiet.

  • Lack of resources is not an excuse for not learning anymore

  • After watching this, I googled prof. Winston because I haven't heard of him. And when I learned that he has passed away, my eyes became wet. I literally cried :((

  • Great lecture, stumbled on it and finished watching it while reflecting on my own crimes.

  • #speaking isn't the only thing about communication and some people like to think of themselves as speakers and listeners both but just because you're integrated doesn't necessarily mean you're good at it so or just because you're very loud and and and you know exciting business and make you good at both people very bad at listening but good at speaking but I mean are you there it's kind of a middle where basically to be sure to have that ability to survive in any circumstance basically kind of thing going on so your communication level is kind of to the point and you it's like whatever physical thing that you got to get done you got to get that done so the metaphysical better eat I guess listen to or spoken to so I find it when I was in college I couldn't remember two people I really liked it and both turned me down but not them turn me down it was me trying to get their attention you know there is a girl and I see her sometimes and I get married cuz you go straight to your classes and stuff and I guess I didn't want to get stuck with it I asked her I tried to get someone to ask her like come here and I was like hey would you like to be in a video basically you don't have to show your face it's just your hands and your feet that's what I want to get for your legs I want to get your leg or something like that very low body that's all I really needed and then I was going to ask for like I like you and everything and come to me and talk I was going to do kidnap her cuz he was like well I don't know you to the people and I don't know if you know I was like on a day of going I said are you still on and I didn't get the I think maybe I would be like maybe I'll go but I probably won't say nothing to The matrix Revelations just see about myself but I guess it has to do with Jimmy speaking hesitations so if you're going to see if I can say that there is nothing else when it comes to communication I

  • He is defining Steve Jobs quite well

  • Always start a talk by enhancing the listening environment.

  • Salute to you Mr. Professor

  • *finishes speech on why not to have laptop and phones out* lady at 4:10: *hold on lemme check my phone real quick*

  • Such a brilliant and skilled human being. Enjoyed the content

  • @30:03

  • Fantastic. In March 2020, I did a presentation on the development of music and dance in 20th Century Cuba. The time slot was 15 minutes. Moreover, the presentation was to be delivered in the French language. I was not a native speaker, was unable to play a musical instrument and had never taken a music appreciation course. All I had to do was make it interesting and get the audience to participate. Two hours of preparation went into every minute of presentation. A story line was created. People are visual, auditory and kinesthetic. The props were designed to engage all three ways of viewing the world. An overall video was created. The first video snippet was of the oldest dance and it was stopped in the middle. The audience was invited to see the frames of the dancers, a characteristic of the footwork, hear the rhythm and imagine the cultural situation. The Spanish had forbidden the playing of drums. Then the video would be restarted. Now the audience participated using their eyes and ears. So how did the dance change when the culture changed and you could play drums in public? How did the music change? Public dance was no longer restricted to the monied class. Everyone in the audience was now tuned in to look for reasons why the dance and the music evolved. By the end, the audience was up and dancing.

  • Good instruction. Just plese do not draw an INVERTED Winston star (i.e. Devil's star) like Patrick did in this video at 50.18. Hope it was not intentional. To add about the hands in the pockets / behind your back while speaking in public - this has nothing to do with a weapon concealing assumption. Hands in the pocket mean that a presenter is an arrogant, overconfident, having no work ethic and manners (which is slightly insulting), and incapable to use jestures correctly. You can do anything at home but not during formal public speech / presentation. Hands behind a teacher's back look like the teacher is an old man with a back pain walking in prison in prison robe. This looks simply miserable.

  • Your phones and computers are disrespectful to the teacher...So sorry he go...

  • There's thousands of daily news media companies who need to note of this information. There are way too many public news reporters and anchors who can't speak correctly. Many of them have speech impediments that never got dealt with when they were youngsters. Then we have small minds in media who give them the anchor job of public speaking every day.

  • students at m.i.t who spend hundred of thousands and dollars seeing some of there classes put on online for free 👁👄👁

  • When he rudely told everyone to close their laptops and put down their phones at the start of his talk, everyone in the room should have walked out in protest. I stopped watching his video, wrote this comment and left. I've no idea what he said after that and I don't want to know. No matter how good your talk, if you can't treat your audience with respect you are not worth listening to.

  • पिलर वेल्डिंग अमेरिका दिया है

  • wonderful talk thank you

  • I came in learning how to speak, and i walked out learning how to talk. I got scammed

  • This is what the internet should be all about. Thank you.

  • "uh .... uh .... uh "

  • I been at this for weeks and I still can't talk properly, actually it has made me worse,luckily for me I can still type

  • Plot twist: he can't actually talk its a voice over

  • 전설의 명강의 ㅠ

  • be concise. dont bore the crap out of people know your subject, care about it, get pissed that others dont NOW GO SPEAK

  • one of greatest speech I heard ever

  • at 22.56 empathetic

  • he thought he was a better skier than an olympian just cause he "thought so" whaaaat....

  • good thing ive long since mastered these, i had to learn the hard way tho lol

  • This is a brilliant video, the fact you can watch content like this is what I love about MRslow!

  • Perhaps a joke can be funny, but to my consideration visualize your working-acts can give a routine in working. and also background music can give a more easy way of working and more comfort. Verbale redenation of your acting can also give structure in your doing. My favourite teacher H.C.L. van Duyhoven at the Graphic Lyceum at Eindhoven in the Netherlands used the Question/Answer teach-methode on sheets. If your learned them out your head, you could get A's. He also use(d) slogans like measurment is knowing. Further can Dalton-education give more result in practice it's like a watch rolling as a circle in to practice, it rolls more stationar. Nice lecture of this teacher, thanks and kind regards.

  • No teachers at MIT could answer how they teach people how to think? That’s fucking scary. I’m a strip club owner and I know how to train my managers how to think.

  • "Don't start with a joke" Gets everyone to laugh (Yes I understand this is not the beginning of the lecture)

    • pls tell at what time is this line?

  • It's funny because interviews today measure charisma & promise, not application & knowledge

  • and what?

  • Leave the comment section and go back to the video! We only have one language processor

    • I needed this! Lol

  • Stopped watching when he said no JOKE! Humour is needed.........jokes aside.........

  • I'd like someone to point out to me exactly where the UCMJ states - sending a soldier into battle without a weapon is a courts martial offense.

  • This guy fogs you out

  • With all due respect, it's sooooo hard to finish this talk! The sounds of gulping water, the sounds. Oh! MIT has the best engineers in the world. Can't their techies weed out the unnecessary noise out these lecture recordings. 😰

  • The irony...Prof. Winston speaks while the first wave of COVID-19 tears across the world. Who'd've known the cascade of affect / response / effect that ultimately negates any widespread need for this knowledge...but perhaps not.

  • Mute people after watching this

  • I felt that 'Can you close your laptop please' in my soul :D

  • This was amazing! I couldn't turn off my laptop but I did airplane mode my phone.

  • So... what about the way he opened the video. Brilliant. Just emerge with a story in a conversational style and let everyone realize that they are missing out on a conversation that is much more interesting that whatever they are doing. Loses no time with stupid introductions and engages his audience.

  • Start - empowerment promise Cycle ideas three times Build a fence around ideas (eliminate confusion) Verbal punctuation (ask a question) Time (maximum attention) and place - well lite + cased + reasonably populated. Board = graphic property + speed property + target + hands have purpose / not concealed Props = demonstrate ideas + empathetic mirroring Slides = exposing ideas (don't have too many words, don't read, keep simple, no title, eliminate clutter) Face your audience One hepax legoganon Crimes - hands in pocket, not engaging audience. Be inspiring - have passion about what you're talking about.

  • Great video. Very informative. What to do if opponent has arms?

  • People before listening to this video: 😶

  • This was quite fascinating.

  • I just spent five hours preparing a presentation for my molecular bio course. I guess I need to start over...

  • I feel every professor should watch this, especially given the massive switch to eLearning due to the pandemic. Every one of my professors teaches from PowerPoint slides and it's almost impossible for me to keep up with the course.

  • The spotless texture gratifyingly precede because pressure externally judge mid a assorted ramie. stupid, alleged milk

  • Incredibly vast amount of information that applies to much more than what Winston even mentions in the video. Many of these principle notions/instincts apply to GOOD marketing for many industries, IMO.

  • "Your success in life will be determined largely by your ability to speak, your ability to write, and the quality of your ideas. In that order."

  • 16:01 you're talking about chicago old man hahahah

  • I enjoyed this lecture and learned a lot, thank you for sharing.